Chess

The powerful game of chess originated in India somewhere in the 5th or 6th century A.D. Experts believe this game can work as a pedagogical tool to develop a sharp analytical mind, inculcate clear thinking processes, enhance the memory, and build a sharp numerical and verbal aptitude. The game involves two players who begin the game with sixteen pieces of six kinds. These are moved on the board according to certain rules with the aim of defeating the opponents king by checkmating him.

Historians believe chaturanga as the oldest form of chess known to mankind. In Sanskrit language chaturanga means the four branches of the army. Similar to the actual warriors of yore the chess pieces were named after their eponymous real life objects, the elephant, horse, chariots and the foot soldier. Very different from the modern day strategy-oriented game, chaturanga was primarily a game of chance. Your success solely depended on the expertise with which you rolled the dice.

In the 7th century the mighty Arabs conquered Persia and renamed the game shatranj. The game found its way into the hearts of Arabs and later continued its journey to Europe in the 10th century as they expanded their empire. Till now it was played by the affluent class who could afford the luxury of free will, time and money. It was only in the late middle ages when the merchant class took up the game and popularized it among the masses.

Today chess is one of the most popular indoor games played by enthusiasts across the globe. Millions are won in various chess championships organized by sports authorities in various countries. People spend time and money to research how to improve the game, consulting experts and even using computers to hone their skills .The game has certainly come a long way from its ancient chaturanga days.