Archive for January, 2013


The Benefit Of Selecting Miniature American Eskimo Dogs As Your Pets

The key reason why some individuals decide to own miniature American Eskimo dogs is because of their cuteness because of their fluffy fur. Northern Europe is the place of origin of these dogs and it is considered that the breed is under the line of German Spitz. They fundamentally look like the malamute and the Siberian husky for their playfulness, but they’re more clever and highly trainable than those breeds. Actually, the American Eskimo is available in different sizes, but the smaller sized one obtains most of the attention.

Being suspicious to unknown people, this breed will make a good watch dog. Even so, they rarely or in most cases -will never attack. It is common for some people to wonder if it is probable to have this breed since they are direct cousins of those dogs seen in the Arctic Region. Well, it is really achievable for you to own a


Chess – Its Origins And Development

Chess is one of the world’s great board games. For centuries chess players around the world have been mesmerized by its challenges, and its great masters have been revered as superstars of a different order — superstars with brains.

** Origins and background of chess

Like many of our popular board games, such as checkers (draughts) and backgammon, chess originated sometime in the first millenium AD, somewhere along the Silk Road that ran between Europe, Egypt, India and the Orient. Most historians trace its origins back to northern India or Afganistan sometime around 600 AD.

As one might expect, there is a good deal of controversy among chess historians about both the date and place of the origin of chess. While some place its origins in China, the most common theory is that the version of chess we are familiar with evolved from a game played in northern India called ashtapada. This game used an 8×8 board (like ours), but had 4 players, and moves were determined by the throw of dice.

As some historians point out, the unique features of ashtapada, and its successor called chataranga, were deeply embedded in Indian culture of the time. The fact that it was a “four-handed” war game was consistent with the division of the country into many kingdoms. And the use of dice to determine moves was a reflection of the importance of Karma in Indian religious thought.

** Evolution into modern chess

The gradual appearance of different types of Indian military forces in the Indian board game known as chataranga — elephants, chariots, cavalry and infantry — was consistent with the transition of the game from a relatively simple “race” game to that of a war game.

In a race game players do not capture or extinguish their opponents. If a player lands on the same square as an opponent, the opponent would simply have to go back to the beginning and start over.

But when the principle of capture or extinction was accepted — where the captured opponent’s piece is taken off the board — this involves a different game concept — a different “mind set”. And it was then just a matter of time before different types of military forces, with different powers and values would be introduced.

This transition from race game to war game is important. But perhaps the most significant evolutionary step — and the one most difficult to explain — was the elimination of the dice as the means of determining moves. As Yuri Averbakh, a Russian chess historian, points out, this was not something that would happen “naturally” within a pure Indian context.

As he says, “To change the Indian war game into chess it was necessary to throw away the dice. Unlike the previous stages which were typical for the evolutional way of the game’s development and were not contrary to the customs of the Indians and their religious beliefs, giving up dice was a radical, a revolutionary step forward that not only changed the game itself but also its philosophy. In fact, that step meant the withdrawal from the principle of Karma – the basic principle of the Indian philosophy. Now the result depended entirely on the players’ will, on their choice. They became complete masters of their destiny.”

According to Averbakh this would not have happened without the influence of Greece upon northern India. This influence stretched back to Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC and developed even further within what historians call the Indo-Greek Kingdom. This was a large area including much of Afganistan and northern India which was conquered by the Greco-Bactrian kind Demetrius in 180 BC.

This kingdom lasted for about 200 years in which time the region underwent a profound synthesis of Greek and Indian religion, culture, languages and symbols. As Wikipedia says, “The Indo-Greek kings seem to have achieved a level of cultural syncretism with no equivalent in history, the consequences of which are still felt today.”

The Greek influence was felt for hundreds of years after the demise of the Indo-Greek Kingdom. According to Averbakh it was this Greek influence that “helpd the Indians to make the final step for chess to appear.” In particular, he mentions that Greeks brought with them the war game petteia. Although it was a simpler game, it had two of the features that chess would eventually gain — players could “kill” each other, and there were no dice. “It was the player himself who decided where and which pieces should move. He had complete freedom of choice.”

** Chess in the Kushan Kingdom

Another writer goes even further in placing the origins of modern chess in the Afganistan/Northern India region, but places that development much earlier than 600 AD. Gerhard Josten, in his article “Chess – A Living Fossil” claims that modern chess is an amalgam of a number of different games. We know this, Josten claims, because of its completely unique feature of having three different types of characters:

1. A relatively immoble center piece — the King — the capture of which is the object of the game.
2. A number of pieces that can make varying long moves — moves that cover more than one space.
3. A number of pieces that can only make short moves — moves that cover only one space.

Josten claims these different pieces originated in different games, and were amalgamated in what we know as modern chess. He claims type 1 pieces originated in Chinese games, type 2 pieces originated in Mesopotamian divination rites — in particular, the Babylonian astrolabe, and type 3 pieces originated in Indian race games.

According to Josten, chess did not spring fully developed into existence in 600 AD but evolved over the first two or three centuries of the first millenium — in particular between 50 BC and 200 AD. This development took place in a number of places — India, China, and all along the Silk Road to Europe — and each of the areas would have influenced the others.

But the most likely place where it all came together was the Kushan Empire, the eventual successor to the old Indo-Greek Kingdom. This was the central Asian area encompassing much of northern India, Pakistan, and Afganistan.

As we saw with the Indo-Greek Empire, this area stood at the crossroads of Europe, India and the Orient, and was deeply influenced by Greek culture. Most importantly, the Kushans were cultural, religious and linguistic synergists. They took elements from various cultures and forged these elements into something new and different.

This, according to Josten, is exactly what happened to the game of chess in the early centuries of the first millenium. It is also why we have so few hard facts about this influential period. As he says,

“Following the gradual disintegration of the Kushan Empire, the neighbouring conquering states each claimed to be the intellectual authors of chess, with no mention of the losers of the battles, the Kushans…. The fall of the Kushan Empire may thus be the main reason why so many facts have been lost and so many unbelievable legends have arisen around the genesis of chess…”


Basic Tools Needed To Paint Your Chopper Motorcycle


Professional air brush kit is the most basic tool which is required to paint a chopper motorcycle. It sprays enamels lacquers inks and other liquids, which operate on fifteen to fifty pounds per square inch pressure. It is an internal combine air brush with twin action trigger, which gives only single finger control of air-flow and pattern width. To assure more uniform coverage, an internal combine air brush is used. By using it, you can paint each and every part of your chopper motorcycles as its pattern adjusts from fine line 1/16 inches to broad 1-1/2 inches. It can easily used with the help of compressor or carbon dioxide tank. Air brush with 1/4 – oz. ink (paint) jar, one 2 – oz. jar and two 3/4 – oz. ink (paint) jars with covers, for detail work one ink (paint) tip is also included in professional air brush kit.


Paint striping tool is used to paint the edges of a chopper motorcycle. With the help of paint striping tool, you can easily paints a single line or two parallel lines at same time. It can also be used to make latest and hottest designs on your chopper motorcycle. Making your own custom designs can be proved very valuable as it is different from the various designs which are easily available in the market. Six striping wheels (two 1/16 inches two 1/32 inches one 3/32 inches and one 1/4 inches), four spacers (two 1/16 inches one 1-32 inches and one 3/32 inches), additional washer, storage tray, two 1/2 – oz. jars, instructions and idea booklet are also included in this tool kit.


Gravity feed air spray gun is very fast as compared to any other spray gun available in the market. Gravity feed air spray gun kit is the best spray gun as it includes additional nozzle, air cap, and separate needle sets. For more efficient ink (paint) flow, better control and easier maneuvering overhead cup is included in the kit. The removable air regulator is used to controls the air pressure and allows the user to use the ink (paint) of any thickness. It also maintains the desired pressure and it is unaffected by the power the compressor. Spray pattern (from flat to round) and material flow of ink (paint) are adjusted by inbuilt regulators. Its weighs is less than 2-1/2 pounds with air regulator. It has external supply gun which has die-cast aluminum body with trigger control 1.4 millimeter and stainless steel nozzle and ink (paint) tip. It has non drip 20 – oz. plastic jar with cap above gun that allows the user for more accurate control and assures an excellent job even when using just a small amount of ink (paint). It also includes tool set and choke strainer. Its working pressure is fifteen to fifty pounds per square inch pressure.


Spray paint respirator is one of the important equipment required to paint a chopper motorcycle. Spray paint respirator is a plastic face cover that protects your mouth, eyes etc form the paint that you are using.


Tools and Repair kit contains all the basic tools kit you required to dismantle or to assemble your chopper motorcycle.

These types of tools kit contain tools like hammer, screw driver, nails, sandpaper, share blades, dent puller and many other basic tools to fulfill your requirement. There are various types of sandpaper (rough sandpaper, fine sandpaper etc.) are also included in these tool kits.


Buffing Kit is used to shine the metals like stainless steel, aluminum, gold, silver, zinc etc. Buffing Kit can be used with six inches bench grinder or with any electric motor with 1/2 inches to 5/8 inches. You can also use buffing kit with 1/4 inches or 3/8 inches drill machine. But these types of drill machines are not included in the buffing kit. It can play a very important role during the sanding and polishing process of the motorcycle.


Ease Your Dog’s Dry Skin Problems with These Solutions

It’s so much fun to play outside with your dog, and is great exercise for both of you. However, the sun and wind are just a few of the things that can cause your dog to develop dry skin. Don’t worry, though. There are many easy ways to remedy this condition.

Before you do anything else, take your dog to the vet to get his skin checked out. There are some things that need to be ruled out, such as allergies, fungal infections or parasites. Once that’s done, you can go about treating your dog’s dry skin and alleviating its discomfort.

First, have a look at your dog’s diet. Healthy food tends to also help the coat and skin. When feeding your dog commercial brand dog food, make sure that there are well balanced ingredients in it and that it has plenty of omega 3 fatty acids. You can also find multi vitamin dietary supplements to buy that will improve your dog’s skin and coat.

Feed your dog fresh food at least once daily. Fresh vegetables will hydrate your dog’s body, which will also prevent dry skin. Chop up small pieces of carrots, apples, celery and broccoli. Also add fresh meat to this daily serving.

For extra hydration, add water to your dog’s meals. You can soak dry dog food in water or add a teaspoon of olive oil to the dog food bowl once a day. This will help relieve the flaky and itchy skin. Also, ensure that your dog drinks plenty of water daily, particularly following strenuous physical exercise.

Find natural bathing products to use on your dog. In addition, don’t bathe your dog more than is needed. Bathing strips your dog if its natural oils, which can result in dry skin.

Oatmeal can go a long way in alleviating the itching of dry skin. Mix 2 teaspoons of oatmeal and 1 teaspoon of chamomile with 1 cup of boiling water. Let it cool until it can be tolerated comfortably. Then apply to the itchy skin and cover with a towel for 10 minutes. If you do this regularly, it will improve steadily. Try any or all of these remedies to keep your dog healthy and happy.

For more information on Diabetes in dogs, symptoms of diabetes in dogs and treatment for diabetes in dogs visit DiabetesInDogs.Org.


Top 5 Things To Look For In Stylish Motorcycle Apparel

Choosing the right motorcycle apparel can be a challenging task for the novice motorcycle rider. Finding motorcycle apparel that is both functional and stylish can be even more daunting. The top five things to look for in stylish motorcycle apparel combines both functionality and style in one easy reference. Whether a novice rider wanting to find the perfect pieces, or an experienced one looking to enhance his motorcycle wardrobe, the list below will make choosing the perfect apparel simple.

1. Helmets
Smart motorcycle riders never go without head protection in the form of a highly padded and rigid helmet. For the stylish rider, the helmet speaks volumes and is one of the first things noticed. While old school motorcycle helmets are all black, the stylish helmets of today offer vivid graphics and symbols. Swirling flames, arrows and skulls are all popular graphic choices for some of the most stylish helmets available on the market. Each rider should choose the style that reflects his personality the best without compromising the safety afforded by a top quality helmet.

2. Clothing Material
As all motorcycle riders know, the best material for clothing worn during a ride is leather. Leather provides superior protection against road rash should a fall take place. It also offers excellent protection against flying debris, dirt and insects during the ride. For the most stylish clothing, look for leather that is sleek and well formed.

3. The Jacket
Stylish motorcycle jackets go beyond the loose fitting leather jackets that are worn on the street. The serious motorcycle rider knows that there is no compromising safety with an inexpensive fabric jacket. Instead, a form fitting leather jacket with detailed piping or intricate patterning is both practical and stylish. Some of the most stylish leather jackets go beyond the basic black. Blue, red, silver, yellow and white are all popular choices for the modern motorcycle rider. Look for high-quality leather jackets by reputed manufacturers that offer the practical benefits of side air vents and pockets, while also fitting the body’s lines and curves for a snug, protective fit.

4. The Pants
Pants for the stylish motorcycle rider are made of thick, durable black leather. They feature expansion panels for flexibility, knee and hip armor for protection, and are waterproof and insulated for added comfort. As with stylish motorcycle jackets, stylish motorcycle pants hug the body for form fitting style. This allows them to protect the body while accenting natural curves. Stylish motorcycle pants come in solid black, as well as, piped with highlighting colors that coordinate with motorcycle jackets and helmets.

5. The Boots
The stylish motorcycle rider does not wear sneakers or flip flops when out for a ride. The footwear of choice and style is the leather motorcycle boot. Unlike typical boots, the heel and body of a motorcycle boot are more rigid. Stylish motorcycle boots coordinate with the pants and jacket being worn, but also have a style of their own. Both high boots and their low-rise counterparts can look equally as good when they coordinate with the rest of the ensemble.

Choosing stylish motorcycle apparel is about more than how a piece of clothing simply looks. Style is also determined by the functionality and safety of a piece. A motorcycle rider should opt for apparel that is form fitting, crafted from high-grade leather and that features the color and style that matches his personality.


Start Playing Online Casino With No Deposit Casino Bonuses

Have you ever heard about casinos which are available online and where do not have to make any investment or deposit but only earn? Yes, you can now enjoy the real gaming experience sitting at home and relaxing. No deposit casino bonuses are those where no initial investment is required. They are also referred to as the best no deposit casinos where you are not required to make any deposit and you can simply download games for free of cost

A no deposit casino is a type of casino that offers a variety of different types of games like any other online casino would. These games include slot machines, roulette and keno. What makes this different is that a “no deposit casino” does not require its users to deposit money in order to get into that casino. The free money that is used cannot be cashed out until a certain limit occurs. The general rule of thumb that many online casinos have is that a casino will not let you cash out until you earn at least fifteen times the amount of free money you got in the casino.

Many online casinos even offer special services where customers can enter bonus codes on a registration menu to get additional free money for the casino. The no deposit casino bonuses also allow you to download flash games without paying anything from your pocket. Now you can simply get registered at their websites or set up an account with some websites that offer online gaming without making any preliminary expenses. Firstly, you will like the no deposit casinos for the plain reason that you will be able to play any game you want without any kind of commitment. Much like pre-paid cellphones, you can jump ship and go to another casino when you feel like it.

This free deposit money can work anywhere at a casino. This is used to allow a person to explore all things that a casino has to work with.

However, the money that is won off of a no deposit casino can be something that cannot be cashed out unless it reaches a certain money limit. The money limit that is involved will vary by each online casino. It will help to take a look at this feature when getting with a no deposit. Anyone who is looking for a good type of casino should see all of these things when it comes to no deposit. People can enroll in no deposit casinos and get free money that can be used to play with all sorts of different features on a casino site. A no deposit casino is a great option for you to look into when checking out online gaming options. This type of casino allows you to play various casino games and not have to do anything to get a free bonus.


Air Travel Rules Flying With Pets

When it comes to air travel, a large number of individuals hit the skies daily. People fly for all different reasons. Some individuals need to make a business trip, others are visiting friends or family, others are going on vacation, and some are making a cross country move. If you are moving, there is a good chance that you may need to bring your pet along with you. If this is the case, you will find that you are subject to a whole new set of air travel rules. Before leaving for the airport, with your pet or pets in tow, you are advised to famialrize yourself with those rules.

The first step in traveling, in the air, with a pet is to make sure that they are even allowed. Certain pets are allowed to be on airplanes, but that does not mean that all airlines will allow it. If you are planning on traveling with your pet, you will need to inform your airline of this information upfront. This is vital because not all airlines will allow you to bring a pet onboard. Therefore, if you do not check with your airline before heading to the airport, you may be unable to board your flight.

When traveling with a pet, you will need to keep that pet contained. That means that if you are traveling with an animal, such as a dog or a cat, that animal will likely need to be in a carrier. When purchasing an animal carrier, it is important to know that not all carriers are permitted onboard. If you will be keeping your animal in the cabin with you, as opposed to having your animal treated as checked baggage, you will need to make sure that your pet carrier will not negatively affect other passengers. Your pet carrier must not block aisle ways or encroach on other passengers seating spaces. In addition to these general rules and restrictions, you may find that each airline has their own set of pet carrier rules.

Almost all airlines require that your pets have the proper documents before being allowed on their airplanes. These documents most commonly include information on your pets health. Most airlines require that your pet undergoes a medical evaluation before being transported by airplane. This information is not only used to ensure that your pet is healthy enough to fly, but is also used to ensure that they are protected with the proper vaccinations. Proper vaccinations will not only protect your pet, but other passengers, as well as airline staff.

Once you have received clearance from the airline, which you wish to fly on, purchased the appropriate pet equipment, and obtained the proper health checks for your pet, you will need to wait until your day of travel. On that day, you may want to arrive at the airport a little bit earlier than recommended. This will help to ensure that you could quickly straighten out a problem, without having to miss your flight, should one arise.

When you and your pet arrive at the airport, whether it be early or not, you will both be required to go through airport security. Your pet will be required to pass through a metal detector, just like everyone else. If you are using a pet carrier, it is also likely that your pet carrier will be subject to examination. This examination most commonly includes being sent though the x-ray machine with your carryon luggage; however, it is important to note that your pet will not have to go through the x-ray machine; the metal detector should be enough.

As previously mentioned, not all airlines allow their passengers to fly with their pets, even in the cabin or below deck. That is why it is advised that you determine whether or not your pet can fly with you, ahead of time. In addition to different air travel rules, you may also find that some airlines charged extra fees for pet passengers. In the event that you are charged, you will be notified of this charge ahead of time.


Why Battle Chess Remains Highly Popular And Almost Unparalleled In The Field

The adaptation of the traditional games to the computer dimension has been a gradual process that has finally led to the creation of great interactive play opportunities. This is the case of battle chess, a computer game that combines the beauty and intricacy of classical chess with the complexity of new technological achievements.

The chess pieces are animated and they battle against each other; the game is the creation of Commodore Amiga and was designed to be used on Apple Macintosh. The designers took the four part of the Star Wars series as a source of inspiration, as there is a scene where chess pieces come alive. For anyone new to battle chess, there are illustrative and detailed introductions explaining piece movement.

A new audience was targeted with the invention of battle chess: computer fans. The game has spicy and thrilling features that will definitely challenge anyone who tries it; there is quite a bit of violence included in the battle scenes, which shows that classical games function well for the new virtual space where new twists involve macho-specificity.

For instance, in battle chess, rooks turn into monsters, pawns are crashed and more. Though some may label it as brutal, this game is definitely a new approach to chess. After its appearance and immediate success, there were several other animated attempts to imitate it; nevertheless, battle chess remained unique.

The classical black and white colors in the game are replaced by blue and red in battle chess, and there is no board rotation whichever side you may choose; thus sometimes you’ll play downwards and some other times upwards. Considered as one of the limitations of battle chess, this inadequacy didn’t prevent the huge success of the Chinese version of the game.

Chinese battle chess actually combined the features of this specific Asian games with excellent animations; no game is identical with the other since every battle is unique and ingenious in its own way. A good example of a successful move is when the king uses its royal staff like a baseball bat and launches a bomb towards a knight.

Though it was launched in the early 90s, battle chess remains highly popular and almost unparalleled in the field. Even if you were a chess champion, this game still has got plenty to offer in terms of challenges and entertainment; have a look at the faces of the figures and you’ll see for yourself that the limitations of the first computer chess games are long gone.

Muna wa Wanjiru is an Internet Marketing Expert and Has Been Researching and Reporting on Chess for Years. For More Information on Battle Chess, Visit His Site at BATTLE CHESS


Hyundai Santro Xing – Small Hatchback Automobile

The Hyundai Santro was launched in the year 1998. The car received a combined, unpredicted response particularly from the Indian market. After a couple of years, the brand new upgraded model of Santro was introduced out there, Santro Xing. This small hatchback automobile has many opponents, particularly within the Indian market such as Maruti Wagon R, Chevrolet Spark and Maruti Zen. The automotive is available is eight different colors, white, silver, beige, darkish gray, black, two shades of purple and blue. Talking first concerning the exterior seems to be, the general look the automotive gives is quite sober. With its giant entrance head lamps, which offer clear imaginative and prescient and physique colored front grille, black bumper and lengthy air dam all provide a decent look along with nice performance benefits to the car. The body colored bumper gives the automobile a very sporty look. The rear view mirrors and the door handles are all in black coloration which provides the car a really conventional and standard look.

The again of the automobile is as sober and stylish as the front of the car. The car has an elongated yet proportional again lights and boot. There is a spoiler behind the car, which not solely makes the car look incredibly gorgeous but also provides it with amazing aerodynamic stability. The rear lights are very elongated that not solely provides to the model of the car but additionally informs the autos behind it of the automotives future moves. There may be also a body colored bumper behind the automobile which continues the uniformity in design of the car. The back window is tinted without any wiper.

Now coming to the inside of the Hyundai Santro, the inside of the automotive comes in two toned colors, brown and beige, each contrasting, yet complimenting colors. Moreover, the seat upholstery can be two toned which supplies an overall complimenting effect. The cabin of this small automobile was redesigned to enhance it within the Santro Xing. The instrumental field which reveals the gas and temperature dials along with the speedometer and tachometer are within the traditional white shade with pink needles, which seems very decent. Nonetheless, one drawback of this type of meters is that, they can be tough to learn because of the similar colors in all of them. The new Santro has redesigned AC vents which have been given an extra modern look. Furthermore, the newly added stereo system has blue illumination which has a silver finish provides it a really refreshing look. The steering wheel is digital which saves a whole lot of effort and offers ease of driving. The newly inbuilt stereo system has aux and USB ports, all built-in to supply up to date technology. The Santro has been made to accommodate 5 passengers very comfortably, and with its upright rear position, there may be ample house for baggage within the trunk as well. Furthermore, there may be enough leg room and headspace for the entire passengers, do not be fooled by its small shape. The car will match sufficient people simply as any massive car will.